Determination is the second full-length studio album by the New Jersey heavy metal quintet God Forbid. It was released on April 17, , through Century Media Records. The numerical value of determination in Pythagorean Numerology is: Please enter your email address: Determination noun the act of determining, or the state of being determined Determination noun bringing to an end; termination; limit Determination noun direction or tendency to a certain end; impulsion Determination noun the quality of mind which reaches definite conclusions; decision of character; resoluteness Determination noun the state of decision; a judicial decision, or ending of controversy Determination noun that which is determined upon; result of deliberation; purpose; conclusion formed; fixed resolution Determination noun a flow, rush, or tendency to a particular part; as, a determination of blood to the head Determination noun the act, process, or result of any accurate measurement, as of length, volume, weight, intensity, etc.
Determination Determination is the second full-length studio album by the New Jersey heavy metal quintet God Forbid. I mean, let people make their own determination. Federal Minister for Kashmir Affairs Barjees Tahir said India could not continue its attrocities on the innocent people of the held Kashmir, adding that India would have to accept the right to self-determination of Kashmiris.
Pakistan to continue diplomatic,moral support to Kashmiris: Our problems can best be solved by democracy and not secession. Better to fight for justice than self-determination in Sudan's Nuba Mountains: Self-determination is, in other words, becoming what God wishes us to be. Becoming what God wishes us to be. Deci and Ryan regard motivational and dispositional self-determination as the same concept and treat them synonymously. Can mental health problems predict dispositional self-determination?
This is why the TNA must disambiguate the phrase self-determination. What exactly does the TNA want? For example, the populations of federal units of the Yugoslav federation were considered a people in the breakup of Yugoslavia, even though some of those units had very diverse populations. National self-determination appears to challenge the principle of territorial integrity or sovereignty of states as it is the will of the people that makes a state legitimate.
This implies a people should be free to choose their own state and its territorial boundaries. However, there are far more self-identified nations than there are existing states and there is no legal process to redraw state boundaries according to the will of these peoples. Pavkovic and Radan describe three theories of international relations relevant to self-determination. Allen Buchanan , author of seven books on self-determination and secession, supports territorial integrity as a moral and legal aspect of constitutional democracy.
However, he also advances a "Remedial Rights Only Theory" where a group has "a general right to secede if and only if it has suffered certain injustices, for which secession is the appropriate remedy of last resort. Vita Gudeleviciute holds that in cases of non-self-governing peoples and foreign military occupation the principle of self-determination trumps that of territorial integrity.
In cases where people lack representation by a state's government, they also may be considered a separate people, but under current law cannot claim the right to self-determination. On the other hand, she finds that secession within a single state is a domestic matter not covered by international law.
Thus there are no on what groups may constitute a seceding people. A number of states have laid claim to territories, which they allege were removed from them as a result of colonialism. This is justified by reference to Paragraph 6 of UN Resolution XV , which states that any attempt "aimed at partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter".
This, it is claimed, applies to situations where the territorial integrity of a state had been disrupted by colonisation, so that the people of a territory subject to a historic territorial claim are prevented from exercising a right to self-determination. This interpretation is rejected by many states, who argue that Paragraph 2 of UN Resolution XV states that "all peoples have the right to self-determination" and Paragraph 6 cannot be used to justify territorial claims.
The original purpose of Paragraph 6 was "to ensure that acts of self-determination occur within the established boundaries of colonies, rather than within sub-regions". Further, the use of the word attempt in Paragraph 6 denotes future action and cannot be construed to justify territorial redress for past action. In order to accommodate demands for minority rights and avoid secession and the creation of a separate new state, many states decentralize or devolve greater decision-making power to new or existing subunits or even autonomous areas.
More limited measures might include restricting demands to the maintenance of national cultures or granting non-territorial autonomy in the form of national associations which would assume control over cultural matters.
This would be available only to groups that abandoned secessionist demands and the territorial state would retain political and judicial control, but only if would remain with the territorially organized state.
This includes the question of how an unwanted state can be imposed upon a minority. He explores five contemporary theories of secession. In "anarcho-capitalist" theory only landowners have the right to secede. In communitarian theory, only those groups that desire direct or greater political participation have the right, including groups deprived of rights, per Allen Buchanan. In two nationalist theories, only national cultural groups have a right to secede.
Australian professor Harry Beran's democratic theory endorses the equality of the right of secession to all types of groups. Unilateral secession against majority rule is justified if the group allows secession of any other group within its territory. Most sovereign states do not recognize the right to self-determination through secession in their constitutions. Many expressly forbid it. However, there are several existing models of self-determination through greater autonomy and through secession.
In liberal constitutional democracies the principle of majority rule has dictated whether a minority can secede. The Supreme Court in Texas v White , held secession could occur "through revolution, or through consent of the States.
The Chinese Communist Party followed the Soviet Union in including the right of secession in its constitution in order to entice ethnic nationalities and Tibet into joining. However, the Party eliminated the right to secession in later years, and had anti-secession clause written into the Constitution before and after the founding the People's Republic of China.
The Constitution of the Union of Burma contained an express state right to secede from the union under a number of procedural conditions. It was eliminated in the constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma officially the "Union of Myanmar". Burma still allows "local autonomy under central leadership. As of the constitutions of Austria , Ethiopia , France, Singapore , [ citation needed ] Saint Kitts and Nevis Republics have express or implied rights to secession.
Switzerland allows for the secession from current and the creation of new cantons. In the case of proposed Quebec separation from Canada the Supreme Court of Canada in ruled that only both a clear majority of the province and a constitutional amendment confirmed by all participants in the Canadian federation could allow secession.
The draft of the European Union Constitution allowed for the voluntary withdrawal of member states from the union, although the State wanted to leave could not be involved in the vote deciding whether or not they can leave the Union. Once groups exercise self-determination through secession, the issue of the proposed borders may prove more controversial than the fact of secession. The bloody Yugoslav wars in the s were related mostly to borders issues because the international community applied a version of uti possidetis juris in transforming existing internal borders of the various Yugoslav republics into international borders, despite the conflicts of ethnic groups within those boundaries.
In the s indigenous populations of the northern two-thirds of Quebec state opposed to being incorporated into a Quebec nation and even stated a determination to resist it by force. The border between Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State was based on the borders of existing counties and did not include all of historic Ulster.
A Boundary Commission was established to consider re-drawing it. Its proposals, which amounted to a small net transfer to Northern Ireland, were leaked to the press and then not acted upon. Most Irish Nationalists and Irish Republicans claim all of Northern Ireland and are not particularly interested in new borders.
For past movements see list of historical autonomist and secessionist movements and lists of decolonized nations. Also see list of autonomous areas by country and list of territorial autonomies and list of active autonomist and secessionist movements. Recently onwards , self-determination has become the topic of some debate in Australia in relation to Aborigines indigenous Australians.
In the s, the Aboriginal community approached the Federal Government and requested the right to administer their own communities. This encompassed basic local government functions, ranging from land dealings and management of community centres to road maintenance and garbage collection, as well as setting education programmes and standards in their local schools.
Since , Baloch nationalists in Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan have been seeking to separate Baloch majority regions of the three countries to form a new state with the help of elements outside the aforementioned countries.
The movement has culminated in several armed uprisings in both Pakistan and Iran, that have been crushed, especially during the s inspired by Bengali nationalists.
This is supported by arch-rival countries such as the Republic of India and Bangladesh. The Basque Country Basque: Euskal Herria , Spanish: Pays Basque as a cultural region not to be confused with the homonym Autonomous Community of the Basque country is a European region in the western Pyrenees that spans the border between France and Spain, on the Atlantic coast. Since the 19th century, Basque nationalism has demanded the right of some kind of self-determination.
The right of self-determination was asserted by the Basque Parliament in , and There are not many sources on the issue for the French Basque country. Founded in , it evolved from a group advocating traditional cultural ways to a paramilitary group with the goal of Basque independence. Its ideology is Marxist-Leninist. After years of ethnic friction culminating in the massacre of the Ibos in the Northern and Western Nigeria between and in which an estimated population of , Easterners were killed in a planned pogrom, the Eastern Region headed by Lt Col Odumegwu Ojukwu started a secessionist movement in Nigeria which resulted in the creation of the Republic of Biafra to protect the Easterners from annihilation.
The inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions. This led to the Nigerian Civil War which would have been avoided if the Nigerian leaders had not violated the Aburi Accord made between the Biafrans and the Nigerians which guaranteed self-governance to the then four geopolitical regions.
After initial military gains, the Biafran forces were pushed back and in Biafra was reabsorbed into Nigeria after an estimated population of 3 million Biafrans including women and children had been killed through the war starvation policy of the Nigerian Government.
What the Ibos Want" where the author delved into the etimology and etiology of the words "Biafra", "Ibo" and "Igbo" and proved that "Biafra" is an ancient word in the Igbo language which was lost many centuries ago just like other Igbo words have been lost.
The word "Biafra" appeared for the first time in the ancient map of Africa drawn by the Portuguese from to when it was spelt as Biafara, Biafar, and Biafares. From to the present day, the indigenous people of Biafra have been agitating for independence to revive their ancient country.
They have registered a human rights organization known as Bilie Human Rights Initiative both in Nigeria and in the United Nations to advocate for their right to self-determination and achieve independence by the rule of law. In addition, they have revived the Radio Biafra as a powerful media tool to educate their people. In recent times a public debate has started in the media on the rights of the indigenous people of Biafra. In response to those opposing the independence of Biafra, the solicitor for the indigenous people of Biafra made a strong argument in both national and international law asserting that what Nigeria got after the Biafra War of Independence was a military conquest and not a political victory.
He submitted that what Biafra lost after the war was its sovereignty and not its people and therefore the remnants who were not consumed by the war are still protected under the law to exercise their right to self-determination as indigenous people of Biafra. Thus, the quest to revive Biafra is gathering momentum both at national and international levels as it is now being championed by legal methods. At the moment, Nigeria is made up of six geopolitical regions which are capable of self-governance.
In recent times, separatist aspirations have been growing again in Nigeria, not only by the indigenous people of Biafra but also by other ethnic groups both in the North and in the South, giving a clear sign that Nigeria may not remain the same, but will either be restructured to guarantee self-governance to the six geopolitical regions similar to the Aburi Accord or break up, disintegrate and go into oblivion like one of the ancient empires we read in history.
In Canada , many in the province of Quebec have wanted the province to separate from Confederation. The Parti Quebecois has asserted Quebec's "right to self-determination.
Today there are movements supporting the independence of the Catalan Countries in both Spain and France, but they only have significant support in Catalonia. Furthermore, there are other Catalan groups and movements that seek the independence of the Catalan Countries as a whole, such as: All these political parties and movements believe in non-violence and express their ideas in a non-violent manner.
Recently, there have been a series of non-binding, unofficial referenda or "popular votes" consultes populars, in Catalan , a binding referendum for independence is illegal in Spain held in municipalities around Catalonia, in which voters indicated whether they support Catalan independence from Spain.
The number of voters was ,, representing Under Dzhokkar Dudayev, Chechnya declared independence as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria , using self-determination, Russia's history of bad treatment of Chechens, and a history of independence before invasion by Russia as main motives.
Russia has restored control over Chechnya, but the separatist government functions still in exile, though it has been split into two entities: The British government have stated that the majority of the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands wish to remain British and therefore the transfer of sovereignty to Argentina would be counter to their right to self-determination.
The population has existed for over nine generations, continuously for over years, and on territory claimed as British since when the first recorded landing took place.
This is in reference to the re-establishment of British rule in the year considered a continuation of sovereignty by the latter, but an illegal invasion from Argentine point of view during which Argentina claims the River Plate population living in the islands was expelled. The existing population was in fact encouraged to remain by the British [ 69 ] who made no attempt to colonise the islands till In this case, Argentina claims the principle of territorial integrity should have precedence over self-determination see in this same article Self Determination versus Territorial Integrity , considering the proximity of the islands to the continental territory, whereas from the British point of view, self-determination for a long-established population is a more important factor than proximity, notwithstanding that Britain had settled the islands before Argentinian territory included any of Patagonia the region of Argentina bordering the Falklands.
From the Argentine point of view, Britain is applying self-determination for a purpose opposite to what they see as its original conception, that was preventing the continuation of colonialism throughout the world after World War II, and in this sense, they would be far from a truthful defense of a democratic principle as self-determination.
British Prime Minister David Cameron, on the other hand, described Argentina's position as more colonialism. The right to self-determination as outlined in public international law is often referenced by both sides in the ongoing Israel-Palestinian conflict. United Nations Security Council Resolution 47 , adopted in , called for a plebiscite to decide the fate of Kashmir.
Some groups have suggested that a third option of Independence be added to the resolutions two options of union with India or union with Pakistan. International negotiations to determine the final status of Kosovo were unsuccessful. On 17 February , members 10 members including all Kosovo Serbs were absent of the Kosovo Assembly voted unanimously for a unilateral declaration of independence. Kosovo independence is disputed and supervised by the international community following the conclusion of the political process to determine Kosovo's final status envisaged in UN Security Council Resolution On 22 July , the International Court of Justice gave the following advisory opinion: Kurdistan is a historical region primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people of the middle east.
The territory is currently part of 4 states Turkey , Iraq , Syria and Iran. There are Kurdish self determination movements in each of the 4 states. Iraqi Kurdistan has to date achieved the largest degree of self-determination through the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government , an entity recognised by the Iraqi Federal Constitution.
To date two separate Kurdish republics and one Kurdish Kingdom have declared sovereignty.
Synonyms for determination at reynaldaeryeagley.tk with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for determination.
28 synonyms of determination from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 70 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Find another word for determination. firm or unwavering adherence to one's purpose Synonyms: decidedness, decision, decisiveness.
Find all the synonyms and alternative words for determination at reynaldaeryeagley.tk, the largest free online thesaurus, antonyms, definitions and translations resource on the web. Synonyms for determination in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for determination. 67 synonyms for determination: resolution, purpose, resolve, drive, energy, conviction.
Synonyms for determination: costing, dynamism, perversity, resoluteness, ambition, vigor, purposefulness, causality, mettle, willpower, decidedness, causation. Thesaurus for determination from the Collins English Thesaurus Dictionary definition Determination is the quality that you show when you have decided to do something and you will not let anything stop you.