The vaccine court ruled against the plaintiffs in all three cases, stating that the evidence presented did not validate their claims that vaccinations caused autism in these specific patients or in general.
In some cases, the plaintiffs' attorneys opted out of the Omnibus Autism Proceedings, which were concerned solely with autism, and issues concerned with bowel disorders; they argued their cases in the regular vaccine court. On 30 July , the family of Bailey Banks, a child with pervasive developmental delay, won its case versus the Department of Health and Human Services.
Abell ruled that the Banks had successfully demonstrated, "the MMR vaccine at issue actually caused the conditions from which Bailey suffered and continues to suffer. He reached this conclusion because of two vaccine cases in and , which had concluded, "ADEM can be caused by natural measles, mumps, and rubella infections, as well as by measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines.
In other cases, attorneys did not claim that vaccines caused autism; they sought compensation for encephalopathy, encephalitis, or seizure disorders. The number of reported cases of autism increased dramatically in the s and early s. This increase is largely attributable to changes in diagnostic practices; it is not known how much, if any, growth came from real changes in autism's prevalence , and no causal connection to the MMR vaccine has been demonstrated. In , a meta review financed by the European Union assessed the evidence given in other studies and considered unintended effects of the MMR vaccine, concluding that although the vaccine is associated with positive and negative side effects, a connection between MMR and autism was "unlikely".
In , the Cochrane Library published a review of dozens of scientific studies involving about 14,, children, which found no credible evidence of an involvement of MMR with either autism or Crohn's disease. The authors stated "the design and reporting of safety outcomes in MMR vaccine studies, both pre- and post-marketing, are largely inadequate".
Furthermore, the components of the vaccines thimerosal or mercury or multiple vaccines MMR are not associated with the development of autism or autism spectrum disorder. After vaccination rates dropped, the incidence of two of the three diseases increased greatly in the UK. In there were 56 confirmed cases of measles in the UK; in there were in the first five months of the year, with the first death since ; cases occurred in inadequately vaccinated children.
With the decline in mumps that followed the introduction of the MMR vaccine, these individuals had not been exposed to the disease, but still had no immunity, either natural or vaccine induced. Therefore, as immunisation rates declined following the controversy and the disease re-emerged, they were susceptible to infection. Disease outbreaks also caused casualties in nearby countries. Three deaths and 1, cases were reported in the Irish outbreak of , which occurred as a direct result of decreased vaccination rates following the MMR scare.
In , for the first time in 14 years, measles was declared endemic in the UK, meaning that the disease was sustained within the population; this was caused by the preceding decade's low MMR vaccination rates, which created a population of susceptible children who could spread the disease. In Europe also faced a measles epidemic, including large outbreaks in Austria, Italy, and Switzerland. Following the January BMJ statements about Wakefield's fraud, Paul Offit , a pediatrician at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and a "long-time critic of the dangers of the anti-vaccine movement", said, "that paper killed children",    and Michael Smith of the University of Louisville , an "infectious diseases expert who has studied the autism controversy's effect on immunization rates", said "clearly, the results of this Wakefield study have had repercussions.
The New England Journal of Medicine said that antivaccinationist activities resulted in a high cost to society, "including damage to individual and community well-being from outbreaks of previously controlled diseases, withdrawal of vaccine manufacturers from the market, compromising of national security in the case of anthrax and smallpox vaccines , and lost productivity".
In the United States, Jenny McCarthy blamed vaccinations for her son Evan's disorders and leveraged her celebrity status to warn parents of a link between vaccines and autism. Evan's disorder began with seizures and his improvement occurred after the seizures were treated, symptoms experts have noted are more consistent with Landau—Kleffner syndrome , often misdiagnosed as autism.
Bill Gates has reacted strongly to Wakefield and the work of anti-vaccination groups:. He had a financial interest in some lawsuits, he created a fake paper, the journal allowed it to run. All the other studies were done, showed no connection whatsoever again and again and again. And so the people who go and engage in those anti-vaccine efforts — you know, they, they kill children. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 8 August This article is part of a series on Alternative medicine , pseudomedicine, and medical conspiracy theories General information. Alternative medicine Quackery Health fraud History of alternative medicine Rise of modern medicine Pseudoscience Pseudomedicine Antiscience Skepticism Skeptical movement. Fringe medicine and science. Alternative medical systems Mind—body intervention Biologically-based therapy Manipulative methods Energy therapy.
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